Guidelines for Authors

Manuscript Submission

International Diabetes Nursing is published online at The entire manuscript publication process takes place online from submission to publication. Please see the journal website for further information.

Authors must register with the journal online prior to submitting a manuscript at XXXX. Once you have registered please log in and begin the five-step submission process at XXXX.


Submission verification and research misconduct

Submitted manuscripts must be original and not previously published in any form in English or any other language (except in the form of an abstract, part of a published lecture, academic thesis, or electronic preprint). Furthermore, articles must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts under review by this journal should not be resubmitted to other copyrighted publications. Articles are considered approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the research was carried out.

International Diabetes Nursing considers as unacceptable research misconduct such as falsification or fabrication of data, omitted information about data, plagiarism or not clearly declared conflict of interest. To verify originality, the manuscript may be checked by specific plagiarism software.


Types of articles

Authors should read and follow the guidelines described below. International Diabetes Nursing considers the following article types for publication:

Reviews: short reviews, scoping reviews, literature reviews, integrative reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, meta-syntheses, overview and umbrella reviews. 

Research Articles: articles that report results of a study (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods) carried out within the diabetes nursing context or of general interest for diabetes nursing care.

Case Reports: analysis or discussion of a diabetes nursing case which is of interest as a starting point for future research and/or discussion.

Professional and Policy Articles: discussions of professional development, policy issues, philosophical, theoretical or organisational models, best practice experience, and hot topic debates, within the field of diabetes nursing and diabetes care.

Methodological Articles: discussions on the development and/or application of tools or methodologies within different nursing settings useful for diabetes care.

Research Protocols: protocols which describe the development of a study already approved by an ethics committee.

Where available the EQUATOR Guidelines for the appropriate study design should be followed by authors while drafting papers for International Diabetes Nursing (Equator Network - Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research).


Authors' responsibilities

Authors of original papers present an accurate description of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data are represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain details and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent, or knowingly inaccurate, statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable. Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available.

Authors submit only entirely original works and will appropriately cite or quote the work of others.

Authorship is limited to those who have made a significant contribution according to authorship criteria (see section below).

All authors should include a statement disclosing any conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results of their work.

All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.


Authorship Criteria

According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, authorship is based on the following four criteria:

i) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;

ii) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;

iii) AND final approval of the version to be published;

iv) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet these criteria should be identified as authors. The senior author is responsible for identifying who meets these criteria.

The corresponding author is the individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process, and typically ensures that all journal administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, clinical trial registration documentation (where applicable), and gathering conflict of interest forms and statements, are properly completed. The corresponding author should be available throughout the submission and peer review process to promptly respond to editorial queries in a timely way and should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests that may arise after publication.

Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship. For more information about authorship criteria please refer to The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

Acknowledgements should be as brief as possible. Contributions from anyone who does not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed along with editorial assistance, with permission from the contributor. Financial and material support should also be mentioned.


Reporting guidelines

International Diabetes Nursing strives for the highest ethical standards in editorial and publishing conduct. The publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is based on the Core Practices (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2017, and agrees with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, 2019, and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (seventh edition, 2020, Furthermore, International Diabetes Nursing fully adheres to the Equator Network for the best reporting of scientific results 


Ethical issues

Studies described in articles must be carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research involving Human Subjects (World Medical Association, for experiments involving humans. The approving body and (if applicable) approval number should be identified. Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where authors wish to include case details, other personal information, or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consent must be retained by authors and copies of the consent or evidence that such consent has been obtained must be provided on request.


Organisation and content of papers 

After login as an author the website will guide you through the submission process. At the end of this process an email will be sent to you automatically. Authors can then follow the review process through the website.

Manuscript Format for Submission

1. Title page: title of the paper, authors names, affiliation, corresponding author, type of article (e.g. Research Article, Review). The title should be no more than two typeset lines and should be comprehensible to an international scientific audience.

For each author affiliation include the highest academic title, role, department, and institution. The corresponding author must indicate name, affiliation, complete address, telephone number, and email address. This information will appear in the article footnotes.

It must be clearly stated in this file that the manuscript is original, is not submitted for publication elsewhere, the contribution of each author, disclosure of conflicts of interest.

Please state the total word count for the body of the manuscript, as detailed below.

2. Manuscript main document file: that must be treated as a blind document by the authors. This file must include the following elements.

a) Abstract (max 350 words). Where applicable, the abstract should be structured and submitted following the IMRaD (introduction, methods, results, and discussion) format.

b) Keywords (max 6). Abstracts should be followed by a maximum of 6 key words preferably expressed as MeSH (Medical Subject Headings, terms.

c) Manuscript (max 6000 words). All manuscripts must be written in English and submitted in Word MS format, Times New Roman with a font size 12, and should be follow a common format, as the article is developed. Manuscripts must be no more than 6000 words in length (excluding abstract, references and tables). Editors will approve exceptions.

d) Tables, graphs, figures (a maximum of 6 tables/graphs per article) should be included in the main document file. Tables should contain only essential data and each figure should have a legend numbered in Arabic numerals. If all or part of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned.

No supplementary tables or graphs are admitted.

e) References should be included in the main document file. International Diabetes Nursing follows XXX as a referencing style. Authors should be aware that articles with the wrong referencing style will not be considered for publication.


Style Guide

The term 'diabetic' should not be used as a noun. Preferred style is ‘people (or person or individual) with diabetes’ or ‘in the group without diabetes’, rather than ‘diabetic people (or person)’, 'diabetic patient' or ‘non-diabetic group’.
The terms 'Type 1' and 'Type 2 diabetes mellitus' should be used rather than IDDM and NIDDM. Diabetes should not be abbreviated to DM but it is acceptable to omit mellitus.
'Men' and 'women' should be used in preference to 'males' and 'females'. ‘Participant(s)’ or ‘person’/’people is preferred to ‘patient(s)’ or ‘subject(s)’. We are all patients at some time in our lives but like us, most people with diabetes do not live in this role for most of their lives. Participant is preferred to reflect the collaborative nature of modern clinical research. If your paper does not adhere to this style it will be returned to you for changes before being considered for peer review.

Abbreviations and Units

Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are strongly discouraged. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript and in the abstract. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parentheses should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.
SI units must be used throughout except for blood pressure (mmHg) and haemoglobin (g/l). Gas or pressure values should be given as mmHg with kPa in parentheses or vice versa. Where molecular weight is known, the amount of a substance should be expressed in mol or appropriate subunit (mmol). Energy should be expressed in kcal or joules (J). The solidus may be used in a unit as long as it does not have to be employed more than once (e.g. mmol/l is acceptable), but ml/min/kg is not acceptable and should be replaced with ml min-1 kg-1.

HbA1c Measurement
International Diabetes Nursing has adopted dual reporting of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) measurement. HbA1c measurements must be reported in IFCC units (mmol/mol - no decimal point) in addition to derived NGSP units (% - one decimal). IFCC units should be listed first followed by NGSP units in parentheses. An HbA1c conversion table is available NGSP SD’s can be converted directly to IFCC SD’s. To do so the slope of the Master Equation to convert NGSP results to IFCC units must be used. For example: 0.3% SD NGSP = 0.3 X 10.93 = 3.3 mmol/mol SD IFCC (then round to the nearest integer).



Corresponding authors will receive an electronic communication with the proof for its correction and verification. International Diabetes Nursing will do everything possible to get article published quickly and accurately. At this stage authors should check typesetting, editing, text, tables and figures for completeness and correctness. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage where allowed by the Editors. All corrections should be sent back in a single communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Neither the editors nor the associate editors are responsible for authors’ expressed opinions, views, and the contents of the published manuscripts in the journal. The originality, proofreading of manuscripts and errors are the sole responsibility of the individual authors. In the case of language issues, the editors require the authors refer to a professional editing services that is chosen by the authors. Following that, the authors may be asked to prove with certificate or email that professional editing was carried out.



Figures and/or tables taken from previous publications must be accompanied by either a statement (e.g. from RightsLink, giving permission to International Diabetes Nursing for reproduction in print and electronic formats, or details of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence, which permits sharing and adaptation of another’s work providing the original source is properly cited.  Note that permission is usually required for publication of an adapted figure/table. It is the responsibility of the submitting author to investigate whether permission in needed and to pay any fees associated with obtaining permission.